Interpreting Wetland Status. They are long and narrow, and make a delightful swishing sound in the wind. Willow Oak is more tolerant of standing water than Cherrybark Oak (Quercus pagoda), but it is less tolerant of standing water than Overcup Oak (Quercus lyrata), and so it tends to occupy habitats that are intermediate between these 2 latter species. It is considered by some to be a reasonable alternative to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin, Advil (ibuprofen) or Aleve (n… The willow bark is known to contain a compound known as salicin. Willow bark is also used in some products to aid weight loss. Most willows are found in temperate and arctic zones. Quercus phellos, commonly called willow oak, is a medium to large, deciduous oak tree of the red oak group that is noted for its oak shape, willow-like leaves and relatively fast growth rate.It is native to the Southeastern United States, typically being found in moist bottomland soils. Willows are very cross-compatible, and numerous hybrids occur, both naturally and in cultivation. Thin bark susceptible to sun scald, protect with shade cloth when staging for installation. The good news is that all of these problems—transplant difficulties, root-bound plants, and expense—can be easily avoided if … There is some pubescence on the underside of the leaves, but it easily rubs off, just like that on Black Oak (Q. velutina) leaves. Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Fagales>Fagaceae>Quercus phellos L. Willow Oak is one of the most familiar large trees in North Carolina. Bright green in summer, the foliage turns yellow or russet in the fall. Willow oak is a member of the red oak group without lobed leaves. The leaves are narrowly lanceolate like those of Black Willow, but are bristle-tipped and lack teeth. It is a superior choice where space permits a large oak tree. Bark on a young willow oak is dark gray and smooth. Growing willow oak trees is easy and very rewarding. A handsome and popular shade tree, Quercus phellos (Willow Oak) is a medium to large, deciduous tree with a straight trunk and an oval to rounded crown with upswept branches. The willow oak is a strong and beautiful tree that shares similarities with other oaks but is unique in many other ways that make it such an attractive tree to behold. The willow oak can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 5–9. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. White oak bark is also POSSIBLY SAFE for most people when applied directly to unbroken skin for up to 2-3 weeks. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. Upperton® Willow Oak was found growing in a parking lot island by Georgia plantsman Ray Tate. A member of the beech family, oak trees (Quercus spp.) For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or rdurham@uky.edu. It can increase 1.5 inches in diameter per year if the rainfall is normal. are deciduous or evergreen acorn-bearing trees known for their often imposing sizes. Willow bark, the bark of several varieties of willow tree, has been used for centuries as a pain reliever. Trees of Alabama and the Southeast Willow oak's common name comes from the shape of the leaves and its specific epithet, phellos, is the ancient Greek name for the cork oak, Quercus suber. Photo by Joseph Covington. Willow and oak ltd is a 5-star rated Gardener on Bark, serving Nailsworth and surrounding areas. Here's an apparent hybrid Q. nigra x Q. phellos in Duke Forest, Durham Co., NC. According to Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, willow bark contains active components that are useful to reduce pain and inflammation and treat illnesses including myalgia, the flu, and headaches. Hippocrates was among the first to advise his patients to chew on willow bark for pain relief and inflammation. Mature Size: 70-80' x 40-50' USDA Hardiness Zone: 6-9 (View Hardiness Zone Map) Root Pruned: Yes Outstanding Characteristics: Fine textured vigorous Oak with yellow fall color. This tree is in Raleigh, NC, 2 counties from the nearest known range of Shingle Oak in Virginia. Willow oak is a medium to large tree with a dense, pyramidal crown (becoming more rounded with age) and straight, clear trunk. Abundantly planted; fairly common in the wild in bottomland forests in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont. It is noted for its long, fine-textured, willow-like leaves, up to 5 in. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. Instead, willow oaks have narrow willow … Willow oak (Quercus phellos) is a common oak, deciduous with simple leaves. The willow oak will tolerate pollution and drought and is considered a trouble-free tree as long as soil pH is acidic. Wetland Status. Bark of a mature tree, Greenville, NC. It resembles laurel oak (Q. imbricaria) in being one of only two oak species in our area with long, unlobed leaves, but willow oak leaves are narrower and the acorns are smaller than those of Q. imbricaria. It has a dense and usually rounded crown. Endangered. Bark of a medium-sized tree in Chapel Hill, NC. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. It thrives in moist, well-drained, acidic soil and full sun. Branches are smooth, flexible and hard to break, and have thin, gray bark. Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina. Send mail to cgcass0@uky.edu with questions about this site. Hybrids of different species in the red oak group are not too unusual. The … I am writing this as I sit under a willow oak that I planted 16 years ago from an acorn. The bark of this tree is known to have pain relieving and anti-inflammatory properties. It is now over 30 feet tall, and I can assure you, I am enjoying it! Scientific Name: Quercus phellos L. (73 feet tall, 132-foot spread). NCSU Fact Sheet Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year. Flower: Species is monoecious; males borne on slender yellow-green catkins; females borne on very short axilliary spikes, both appear very early with the leaves. Willow oaks are fast-growing trees that can grow 2 ft. (0.6 m) per year and have a dense oblong crown when mature. Virginia Tech Dendrology, Recommended Tree, Shrub, and Woody Vine Identification Guides. With age, it forms deep furrows and rough ridges. This is an apparent hybrid Q. falcata x Q. phellos at Mason Farm in Chapel Hill, NC. More information: The acorns are an important source of food for mammals. The inner bark is pink. The leaves of the willow oak are similar in shape to a willow tree’s leaves. Flowers appear in mid-spring. oak and willow joinery ltd is a Bespoke Furniture Specialist on Bark, serving Acton and surrounding areas. The discolored foliage will begin at the top of the willow oak and work its way down, branch by branch. Willow oaks are no relation to willows but they seem to soak up water in a similar fashion. It takes full sun or light shade and needs a well-drained soil, preferably rich and on the acid side. The willow oak received its name because its leaves look like those of willow trees but it produces acorns that are characteristic of the oak family. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or darchbol@uky.edu, Willow Oak - Quercus phellosBeech Family (Fagaceae). Medicinal use of Willow Oak: A decoction of the wood chips or bark has been applied externally as an analgesic and as a bath for aches, pains, sores, cuts and haemorrhoids. willow oak. WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. Check our their Bark profile and leave a review now. Willow bark is the bark from several varieties of the willow tree, including white willow or European willow, black willow or pussy willow, crack willow, purple willow, and others. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. Willow Oak Tree Care. It naturally prefers bottom lands, flood plains, and rich upland soils. Some of the leaves of this tree have irregular lobes. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); All photographs and text ©2013 by Will Cook unless otherwise noted. The most significant particularity of the willow oak is the shape of its leaves, which are narrow and slender and very similar to that of the willow tree. In partial shade, limbs will reach for the sun and not appear so balanced. View Map. He noted the unusual prolific branching compared to nearby Willow Oaks and was impressed. Annoyance factors: A well-known ornamental example is the weeping willow (Salix × sepulcralis), which is a hybrid of Peking willow (Salix babylonica) from China and white willow from Europe.The widely planted Chinese willow Salix matsudana is now considered a synonym of S. babylonica. In full sun, the tree has large, spreading limbs forming a balanced shape. The willow oak tree grows very fast. Bark of a medium-sized tree in Chapel Hill, NC. The tree will also experience dieback and growth stunt which is often accompanied by lightened bark that takes on a bleached appearance. Any galls produced on the tree are strongly astringent and can be used in the treatment of haemorrhages, chronic diarrhoea, dysentery etc. Its acorn matures in two years. Treat bursitis is another of health benefits of white willow bark thanks to its anti-inflammatory properties. They are in the red oak group but do not have the characteristic lobed leaves of the red oaks. Noteworthy Characteristics. If you are planting a new one, leave it lots of room! This site was last updated on November 30, 2020. Co-national champion willow oaks are in Memphis, Tenn., (123 feet tall, 100-foot spread) and Noxubee County, Miss. willow oak Fagaceae Quercus phellos L. symbol: QUPH Leaf: Alternate, simple, 2 to 5 inches long, linear or lanceolate in shape (willow-like) with an entire margin and a bristle tip. Quercus phellos, the willow oak, is a North American species of a deciduous tree in the red oak group of oaks.It is native to the eastern and central United States from Long Island Sound south to northern Florida, and west to southernmost Illinois, Missouri, Oklahoma, and eastern Texas. This new cutting-propagated cultivar ensures a delightfully uniform habit with a strong central leader as well as a fast growth rate. Culture: The willow oak is an excellent choice as a shade tree. Leaves are alternate, simple, 2–5 inches long, to 1 inch wide, shaped like willow leaves, narrow, gradually tapering at both ends, thick; margin entire, bristle-tipped. Notes: Outstanding street tree that tolerates drought and the urban environment. The bark is smooth on young trees and smaller branches, becoming shallowly ridged on larger trees. Since it isnt absorbed digestively, topi… Acorn from the same tree. Willow bark can be used topically. 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