Red Oak vs White Oak It can seem confusing to tell the difference between a red oak (Quercus rubra) and a white oak (Quercus alba). Quercus palustris, the pin oak or swamp Spanish oak, is an oak in the red oak section (Quercus sect. While not as hard as the white oak, the red oak is a nice hardwood suitable for many purposes. We hope you love the products and ideas we recommend! | The fall color of both the white oak (Q. alba) and the California black oak (Q. kelloggi) is bronzy-red and the pin oaks (Q. palustris) emerge with brilliant oranges and reds. Red oak will produce 24.6 million BTU's per cord. The oak species consists of about 600 different types of trees. The northern red oak is one of the most important oaks for timber production where high-grade red oak is of significant value as lumber … Pin oak or Quercus palustris is named for a characteristic where small, thin, dead branches stick out like pins from the main trunk. Generally, white oak species have lower tannic acid levels than the red and black oak species. The leaves of this ornamental oak, also called Hill’s oak, (not to be mistaken with pin oak) are up to 13 cm long and narrow. History/Lore The name pin oak comes from its short, tough branchlets located along the branches and limbs. Plant in full sun and acidic soil, as with pin oak trees. Both are very nice but I have to agree with the Pin Oak being my favorite. Constitution earned the nickname “Old Ironsides” because cannon balls bounced off its live oak sides. If you burn oak firewood you will not be disappointed. Whereas, white oak has leaves with rounded edges. Each leaf has 2-5 deep lobes, angled ends and a long stem. I’m still learning a lot about wood species, and not all called “oak” or “cherry” are created equal. Since red and white oaks are only found in North America, the main ways to tell the differences between the two are by examining the leaves, acorns and bark. Anlace/Wikimedia Commons. Generally, they produce a heavy mast crop every third year and a decent crop every year. The oak is an abundant tree that can supply a lot of great, dense, long burning firewood. Other red oak family members include pin oak, Shumard oak, black oak, scarlet oak, and southern/northern red oak.. Red oak is included in a group of oaks (northern and southern red oaks) categorized by that same name. Poplar ranks 540 on the low end of the scale. Latest Projects | White oak matures at 75 feet and red oak at 80 feet. Comments: Pin Oak falls into the red oak group, and shares many of the same traits as Red Oak (Quercus rubra). It tolerates drought, poor soils and is easy to transplant. Due to its use by these highly sought after animals, pin oak is commonly planted for food plots. While the characteristics vary from one species to the next, red oak has jagged leaves with sharp angles. ©2020 Verticalscope Inc. All Rights Reserved. Merry Christmas! Its distinctive shape is considered unique among hardwoods. The northern red oak, also called the champion oak, is commonly found throughout the eastern United States and Canada. The trees grow in swampy, lowland areas and produce a small thin acorns which are dispersed from September to December. Do it yourself chimney damper repair options. There is not only a category for all white oaks, there is actually a White Oak (Quercus alba) as well. Contains building ideas and design plans. The acorn also serves as the seed for the oak tree, allowing the tree to spread and the species to survive. | Copyright White oak has a wider spread, up to 100 feet wide. In Sutton Massachusetts these two types of oak trees can literally grow side by side. cherrybark oak: moist slopes and bottomlands: Quercus palustris pin oak: wetlands: Quercus phellos willow oak: streambanks and poorly drained soils: Quercus rubra northern red oak: wide variety of habitats: Quercus shumardii Shumard's oak: streambanks and bottoms: Quercus stellata post oak… Red Oak, along with its brother White Oak, are commonly used domestic lumber species. Comments: Pin Oak falls into the red oak group, and shares many of the same traits as Red Oak (Quercus rubra). The glossy green … Continuing Christmas present work, I present to you one Pin Oak cutting board and one White Oak cutting board. Red oak as a family has several members that are fast growing like shingle oaks, willow oaks, laurel oaks and pin oaks, while all white oaks are usually slower growing. The red oak group includes leaves with an array of appearances. The trees thrive in low land, acidic soils, so if they are planted in poor soil with a low iron content the trees can become sick, causing the lower branches to droop. The wood is harder than the red oak and its premium firewood is comparable to beech or maple. The acorns are an important food source for many animals. The branch growth means the trunk is barely noticeable due to lower branches drooping down. Click here for more information. Pin oak stumpage is consistently of lesser value compared to other species in the red oak and white oak family. Recognized Acorn Priority Preferences. Open spaces allow the eastern white oak to branch out and develop a wide silhouette, whereas those growing in a denser forest tend to become taller. Learn how to protect yourself and others while cutting firewood. Pin oak is among the most widely planted native oaks in the urban landscape, the third most common street tree in New York City. Firewood cutting safety starts with the right knowledge and equipment. Beautiful grain! The white oak is typically not a tall tree, growing 65-85 feet tall which is shorter than the red oak. Anlace/Wikimedia Commons. Both were coated with the same mineral oil. The acorns of the northern pin oak are more oval that the pin oak. Leaves are alternate, simple, 4–8 inches long, 1–3½ inches wide, broadest near the base or above the middle, ending in a pointed tooth (but no bristles or tiny spines on the edges); distinctively coarsely serrated or wavy (like sawteeth) along entire margin; 8–13 teeth per side. Rather, they are relatively drought-tolerant trees and need good drainage. Some describe the smell as sweet while others describe it as a stinky, nasty smell. The trees are often used for its lumber because it's a very strong, durable wood that glues and machines well. White Oak: Low tannic acid level makes this the sweetest of all acorns. The upper canopy of the pin oak is an identifying feature with its loose, spreading growth. -- Mike, A Yooper with a drawl,, plus 1 on the pin oak but I feel it’s harder to work than white oak, -- Dick, Malvern Ohio - my biggest fear is that when I die, my wife sells my toys for what I told her I paid for them. Well, the Pin Oak (first two pics) finished with a much more red tone than the white oak, which had a slightly green tint. But did you know there are more than 60 different species of oak trees in the United States alone? Return from Oak Firewood to Firewood Types. My smells like heat to me! California black oak (Quercus kelloggii): found in … I personally prefer the pin oak to the white oak, on looks alone. Tips and ideas for building a firewood crib to store and season your firewood so it's dry and ready to burn. Large diameter White Oak trees have become an increasingly rare wood as most quality timber was harvested over a century ago. The fruit of the oak tree is called the acorn. While the pin oak is not as desirable for furniture, cabinets and flooring as the red oak, the tree still produces great firewood. Latest Forum Topics. The pin oak has several small dead branches that stick out from the trunk like "pins" resulting in the name of the tree. Under ideal conditions, both oaks can reach 100 feet tall. If the tree still has leaves, then this makes identification much easier. The white oak is found throughout the eastern United States and Canada. Heights range from 60 to 150 feet and generally depend on the environment each tree grows in. DISCLAIMER: Any posts on LJ are posted by individuals acting in their own right and do not necessarily reflect the views of LJ. The wood of the white oak is very strong and fine grained. Only about 1 acorn in 10,000 will become an oak tree. Pin Oak. The wood is very dense, heavy and provides excellent heat for your home. Both were coated with the same mineral oil. Terms of Service Oak firewood is a popular choice for many people who use firewood for heat. Pin oak is utilized by many game species, especially wood ducks, white-tail deer, and wild turkey. The tress are a very common hardwood and are recognized by its distinctive corse grain pattern. Nut is large (1 inch / 2.5cm+) and cup is shallow with yellowish or reddish brown scales.
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