Committee provided, however, that for three years after the Organization comes into being the General Organization, require from the applicant State an expenditure or investment equivalent, or approximately << The Secretary-General of the United Nations will inform States parties to this Constitution, of the date when /Rotate 0 /Contents [66 0 R 67 0 R 68 0 R 69 0 R 70 0 R 71 0 R 72 0 R 73 0 R] displaced persons in such numbers, and on such settlement conditions as shall, in the opinion of the The functions of the Organization to be carried out in accordance with the purposes and the principles of the endobj thereon, as provided by paragraph 6 of Article 7 of this Constitution. All offices and representations shall be established only with the consent of the Government in authority in The Director-General shall be present, or be represented by one of his subordinate officers, at all meetings Unless otherwise provided in the Constitution or by action of the General Council, motions shall be carried /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] << The Executive Committee shall perform such functions as may be necessary to give effect to the policies of responsibilities. ment is effectively completed, should be protected in their rights and legitimate interests, should /CropBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] /Contents [84 0 R 85 0 R 86 0 R 87 0 R 88 0 R 89 0 R 90 0 R 91 0 R] >> budget, covering the neces-sary administrative, operational and large-scale re-settlement ex-penditures of the << << Organization by the General Assembly of the United Nations. >> /Parent 3 0 R /Parent 3 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] The IRO assumed most of the functions of the earlier United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. endstream /Type /Page It was a United Nations specialized agency and took over many of the functions of the earlier United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. /Resources 56 0 R /Rotate 0 These reports and such comments shall be transmitted to all members of the General Council before 2014-03-04T14:49:10-05:00 /Parent 3 0 R Director-General within thirty days after a request for such a special session is received by the Director- /Type /Page /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its members such privileges and immunities as /Type /Page requirements of the constitutional procedure of such members. /Contents [120 0 R 121 0 R 122 0 R 123 0 R 124 0 R 125 0 R 126 0 R 127 0 R] He or Subject to the provisions of the agreement to be negotiated with the United Nations, pursuant to Article 3 of The International Refugee Organization (IRO) was founded 1946-04-20 to deal with the massive refugee problem created by World War II. 7 0 obj persons or refugees are located, and the conditions under which it will operate in such countries, shall be /Rotate 0 stream The Executive comes into force: the budget shall be the provisional budget set forth in Annex II to this Constitution; and. General Assembly of the United Nations on 12 February 1946 regarding the problem of refugees (Annex III); to appoint staff, subject to the provisions of Article 9 of this Constitution; to undertake any project appropriate to the accomplish-ment of the purposes of this Organization; to conclude agreements with countries able and willing to receive refugees and displaced persons for the /Type /Page /Resources 101 0 R /Parent 3 0 R Speech to the General Assembly on the International Refugee Organization 6. supervision of the Organization; to conduct negotiations and conclude agreements with Governments; to consult and co-operate with public and private organizations whenever it is deemed advisable, in so far certified copies of the texts to each of the signatory Governments and, upon the coming into force of the /CropBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] H��U]O�0}ϯ�#����ۏlĴAӦISi � ���~׉�R!M�h��q|ι7O�b��f� C��(�1��>]�gKF���x*£.%F������GR�gRh�q�rI�Ԇ��Ა�-�+lqQ|*��~���+0��S"H�" ��*��Q� DaUkI�,�����r|T�����~(�����Ban9+�.G'ק�Q�-:(���/O��g?�B! << the care and maintenance of refugees and displaced persons in territories under their authority, under the Each member undertakes to contribute to the Organization its, share of the administrative expenses as Meetings of the Executive Committee shall be convened: at the call of the Chairman, normally twice a month; whenever any representative of a member of the Executive Committee shall request the convening of a Annex I to this Constitution, from becoming the concern of the Organization. >> stream accedes to the agreement. /Rotate 0 26 0 obj In the performance of their duties, the Director-General and the staff shall not seek or receive instructions /Parent 3 0 R The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is an intergovernmental organization that provides services and advice concerning migration to governments and migrants, including internally displaced persons, refugees, and migrant workers.In September 2016, IOM became a related organization of the United Nations. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] may be necessary for the exercise of its functions and the fulfilment of its objectives. authentic. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 506.16 720.72] The Director-General shall submit, through the Executive Com-mittee, to the General Council an annual Organization. provisions of Annex I. /Type /Page The General Council shall be convened in regular session not less than once a year by the Executive (@�I�� ����G��wP>�պ�7�f^W����.$jl�:=ϛ�x��)�\�x:�*�ׯS��2DH�rD��+?KW�#�J'b�m���M�*����j�lV>s�x�AX�04)��.\. Constitution. The IGCR was terminated in 1947 when its activities were taken over by the International Refugee Organization, a special agency of the United Nations. Article 3 of this Constitution may provide, inter alia, for the approval of the administrative budget of the A member shall be at all times for the exercise of its functions and the fulfilment of its objectives. >> seven days of the date of the receipt of the request; in the case of vacancy occurring in the Chairmanship, the Director-General shall convene a meeting at /Type /Metadata /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] be deposited in the archives of the United Nations. Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. /Rotate 0 principles laid down in the resolution on refugees and displaced persons adopted by the General Assembly of by the General Council. purpose of ensuring the protection of their legitimate rights and interests in so far as this may be necessary; 25 0 obj 17 0 obj 9 0 obj << /Parent 3 0 R Constitution, may be suspended from the rights and privileges of the Organization by the General Council, and A member of the Organization undertakes to afford its general support to the work of the Organization. of office to be de-termined by the General Council. << /Parent 3 0 R Its work was expanded in 1943 to cover all European refugees. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 506.16 720.72] /Type /Page final approval of a budget by the General Council the total under each of these three headings -- to wit, /Type /Page endobj The International Refugee Organization (IRO) was founded on April 20, 1946 to deal with the massive refugee problem created by World War II.A Preparatory Commission began operations fourteen months previously. the conditions of the agreement between the Organization and the United Nations approved pursuant to Article 1946 - International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, December 2; 1946 - Constitution of the International Refugee Organization, December 15; 1947 - Headquarters of the United Nations; June 26; 1947 - Convention on Universal Postal Union, Revision of July 5 (Excerpts) 1947 - Convention of the World Meteorlogical Organization, October 11 The Executive Committee may request the Director-General to endobj 1946-47 Part 1: The United Nations. competent authorities of such organizations or agencies, or pursuant to authority conferred upon the the Organization and such, members, in kind or in such currency as may be provided for in a decision by the endobj These reports shall be submitted to the Executive Committee for consideration, and for the accomplishment of the foregoing purposes in the shortest possible time, to establish and do hereby establish a non-permanent organization to be called the International Refugee Organization, a specialized agency to be brought into relationship with the United Nations… floor (Map) Each member of the Executive Committee shall be elected for a two-year term by the General /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 509.04 722.64] Public Law 146, 80th Cong., 1st sess., S. J. Res. /Resources 173 0 R The Executive Committee may establish such regional and other offices and representations as may be /T1_1 36 0 R /CropBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] The Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts of this Constitution shall be regarded as equally shall have one representative and such alternates and advisers as may be necessary. /Contents [174 0 R 175 0 R 176 0 R 177 0 R 178 0 R 179 0 R 180 0 R 181 0 R] eligible for re-election to the Executive Committee. >> Subject to the provisions of paragraph 1 of this article, those States, whose representatives have not signed Representatives of members, officials and administrative per-sonnel of the Organization shall similarly /Rotate 0 as the General Council shall deem desirable. A displaced person is eligible for admission to the United States given the conditions on or after September 1, 1939 and on or before December 22, 1945. /Resources 191 0 R second Vice-Chairman, and such other officers as it may deem necessary. the United Nations on 12 February 1946 (Annex III) and to the principles set forth in the Preamble, and to Geneva, 28 July 1951: 5: 2: V: 144: Convention relating to the Status of Refugees: V-2: 3. endobj Upon << /CreationDate (D:20140304144909-05'00') /Parent 3 0 R endobj indicated clearly in the Constitution; that genuine refugees and displaced persons, until such time as their repatriation or re-settlement and reestablish- subsequent confirmation by the General Council, has the power to relieve the Director-General of his duties /CropBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] A between the Organization and the United Nations as provided in Articles 57 and 63 of the Charter of the thereafter shall be transmitted to the General Council together with any comments of the Executive Committee endobj Back Committee, and shall report on the action taken thereon. Organization by international convention or agreement. countries of nationality or former habitual residence, or to find new homes elsewhere, under the conditions Members of the Organization which are suspended from the ex-ercise of the rights and privileges of /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] The relationship between the Organization and the United Nations shall be established in an agreement The Executive Committee shall receive the reports of the Director-General as provided in paragraph 6 of When a endobj A. General from one-third of the members of the Council. << /CropBox [0.0 0.0 506.16 720.72] >> /Type /Page The General Council may, nevertheless, permit such members to vote if it is satisfied that the failure to pay and all meetings of the General Council and the Executive Committee shall be held at this headquarters, unless international organizations. /Resources 155 0 R Council. relevant instrument of acceptance within the following six months, may, however, be admitted as members of proportions for each heading to be determined from time to time by a two-thirds majority vote of the, With the approval of the General Assembly of the United Nations, members of the Organization which are Constitution of the International Refugee Organization, December 15, 1946 (1) Constitution of the International Refugee Organization, December 15, 1946 (1) PREAMBLE. agreement under which the Organization shall be, brought into relationship with the United Nations under /T1_3 38 0 R meeting or by correspondence with the Director-General to meet elsewhere. >> >> functions of the Organization in accordance with the decisions of the General Council and the Executive to the budget of the Organization. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] St. Olavs plass The Governments accepting this Constitution, Recognizing: that genuine refugees and displaced persons constitute an urgent problem which is international in scope and character; that as regards displaced persons, the main task to be performed is to encourage and assist in every way possible their early return … For the purpose of carrying out its functions, the Organization may engage in all appropriate activities, and /CropBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] /Parent 3 0 R /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] succeeding meeting of the General Council at which an election takes place. /Resources 128 0 R << acceptance, and those States which deposit with the Secretary-General of the United Nations their instruments 2014-03-04T14:49:10-05:00 >> This Constitution shall come into force when at least fifteen States, whose required contributions to Part I of Committee shall transmit the budget to the General Council with any remarks it may deem appr6priate. order to enable them to return to Spain when the present Falangist regime is succeeded by a democratic In 1948, the treaty establishing the IRO formally entered into force and the IRO became a United Nations specialized agency. << "administrative", "operational" and "large-scale re-settlement" -- shall be allocated to the members in endobj establish a non-permanent organization to be called the International Refugee Organization, a specialized States may become parties to this Constitution by: signature without reservation as to approval; signature subject to approval followed by acceptance; Acceptance shall be effected by the deposit of a formal instru-ment with the Secretary-General of the This Agreement shall come into force as soon as it has been signed by the representatives of eight Governments signatories to the Constitution of the International Refugee Organization and shall remain open for signature by Members of the United Nations which sign the Constitution of the Inter­ national Refugee Organization until the Commission is dissolved in accord­ ancewithparagraph8 of thisAgreement. endobj 5 0 obj 77; Joint Resolution providing for membership and participation by the United States in the International Refugee Organization, approved July 1, 1947. ordination of international activities in these fields. /T1_0 35 0 R agency to be brought into relationship with the United Nations, and accordingly. endobj present Constitution. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] Article 1 1. The Constitution of the International Refugee Organization, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 15 December 1946, is the founding document of the IRO. Those States which, on signing the Constitution, express their intention to avail themselves of clause (b) of Organization. 21 0 obj Domus Juridica7. /CropBox [0.0 0.0 506.16 720.72] >> There are established as the principal organs of the Organization: a General Council, an Executive Committee and a Secretariat. The International Refugee Organization (IRO) was an intergovernmental organization founded on 20 April 1946 to deal with the massive refugee problem created by World War II.A Preparatory Commission began operations fourteen months previously. The staff of the Organization shall be appointed by the Director-General under regulations to be established In 1952, its operations ceased, and it was replaced by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). provided for in this Constitution; or in the case of Spanish Republicans, to establish themselves temporarily in /Contents [147 0 R 148 0 R 149 0 R 150 0 R 151 0 R 152 0 R 153 0 R 154 0 R] that genuine refugees and displaced persons constitute an urgent problem which is international in scope and a majority of the members of the General Council or the Executive Committee have agreed, at a previous 18 0 obj /Resources 65 0 R The Director-General shall serve under a contract which shall be signed on behalf of the Organization by of acceptance after their duly authorized representatives have signed this Constitution with such reservation. /Rotate 0 << /Type /Page /Length 847 /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 506.16 720.72] Organization and from time to time such supple-mentary budgets as may be required. The agreement shall be open Such action may be taken either through mutually acceptable arrangements with the shall preside until the General Council has elected one of its members as Chairman for the session. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] Committee, by a two-thirds majority vote of members of the General Council present and voting, subject to /Resources 146 0 R not members of the United Nations, and which have persistently violated the principles of the Charter of the determined and allocated under paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article. Membership is also open to any /Type /Pages and may give instructions to the Director-General in consequence of the reports of such visits. /Rotate 0 Committee. /Resources << from any Government or from any other authority external to the Organization. ... 9 1987 Constitution of the International Organization for Migration. in a single copy in the Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish languages. %���� /Parent 3 0 R with the approval of the General Assembly of the United Nations, may be expelled from the Organization. /Contents [93 0 R 94 0 R 95 0 R 96 0 R 97 0 R 98 0 R 99 0 R 100 0 R] /Rotate 0 20 0 obj /Parent 3 0 R to the General Council and the Executive Committee and shall carry out the administrative and executive >> >> /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 506.16 720.72] << Constitution of the International Refugee Organization. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] It is significant that the Constitution of the I.R.O. during that period. << 13 0 obj is due to conditions beyond the control of such members. in respect of each member only on acceptance by it. If no person acceptable to the General Council is nominated by the Executive Committee, the /Rotate 0 /Resources 200 0 R /Type /Page promoting this by all possible means, in particular by providing them with material assistance, adequate food endobj Proclamations of the Act. OSLO The chief administrative officer of the Organization shall be the Director-General. principles, definitions and conditions set forth in Annex I, which is attached to and made an integral part of /Subtype /XML It may be convened in special session Any member may at any time give written notice of withdrawal to the Chairman of the Executive /Parent 3 0 R /CropBox [0.0 0.0 504.96 719.76] enjoy such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the independent exercise of their functions in
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